In late 17th Century, an Englishman called Job Charnock stopped at three sleepy hamlets of Gobindapur, Sutanuti and Kalikata.Job Charnock did not relish returning to Hooghly where their “factory” had been ransacked by the Nawab’s armies. He looked favourably at these villages where local trade already flourished. And history began.


At first a smattering of mud huts,the settlement soon began to see the building of pucca houses. When the British leased the villages from the Sabarna Raychoudhuris for Rs 1300 a year, the settlement built an unostentatious fort for protection. After the turmoil of court intrigues and the usurpation of power, Calcutta began to grow and thrive. But the records of the time describes it as a “pestilential city.”No lighting.Unmetalled roads. Untreated water. Open drains. High Mortality rate. Yet the city attracted many.